The Importance of Proper Wine Storage, Aeration & Decanting

It is common knowledge that wines need to age well to be enjoyed by the drinker. Some wine lovers collect wine for easy access of their favorite vintage. Here’s a guide on how to enjoy wine to the fullest.


A Guide to Wine Enjoyment – Proper Wine Storage, Aeration & Decanting


Wine Storage

Proper wine storage affects how wine will taste after the bottle is opened. Wine storage solutions include wine cellars, wine racks, and wine cabinets.

Residential wine cellars are ideal for wine collectors who have the right space and budget. It is important that you choose a professional wine cellar builder who designs and installs the wine cellar with the equipment necessary for your wines to achieve peak quality. Wine cellars can be customized to provide uniqueness to your existing space.

You may opt for wine racks if you have only a few wine bottles and have a limited budget for building your own wine cellar. Wine racks can also be customized to complement the existing decor of your area.

Wine cabinets are built and designed to function like a wine cellar because they have refrigeration units which maintain the ideal wine storage temperature and humidity level.

In choosing a wine storage solution, it is best to consider factors such as location, budget, and the size of your collection to keep your wines safe from external factors such as direct light, heat, and vibration.

If you are looking for a reliable wine cellar refrigeration system for your wine cellar, contact US Cellar Systems at (562) 513-3017 or click here to learn more about products they offer.


Decanting and Aerating Wine

The two terms are usually used interchangeably, but they are very much different. Let us first define the two terms before discussing further. Decanting is transferring the contents of a wine bottle into another container called a decanter before the wine is served. On the other hand, aerating is to let the wine bottle breathe by exposing it to air.

These two methods are done to maximize enjoyment of wine. There are ways on how to properly aerate and decant wines.

Wine Aeration Softens Tannins in Wine

Aeration is usually needed by young wines. It is done to soften tannins in wine and to make it more balanced and smooth. It also lessens the carbon dioxide level of young wines.

One way to aerate a wine faster is through the use of an electronic aerator. This electronic aerator is a battery operated steel rod that is placed inside the wine bottle which will stir the wine in the bottle, making it mix with air. If you do not own any wine aerating device at home, you can simply maximize the wine pouring distance from the bottle to the glass and this will aid in aerating your wine.

What are the benefits of aerating wines? Aerating wines can get rid of “bottle stink”. Bottle stink is the odor that is evident when a bottle of wine is opened but evaporates easily once it has been aired.

The age of wine will determine how long it should be aerated. An old wine with the age of more than 15 years should not be aerated for more than a minute, while a full bodied and complex red wine should be aerated for about an hour. Young, tannic red wine should be aerated for about 2 hours.

Decanting Separates Wine from its Sediments

Decanting is done to separate wine from its sediments. By the act of transferring the liquid to a decanter, wine is agitated and mixes with oxygen, developing and bringing wine to life. This is why decanting is best for young wines.

Decanting an old wine and a young wine varies. In decanting older wines, a lot of care and flair is required. An old wine does not need any artificial boost thus you have to decant it before serving and before it changes.

Meanwhile, you can decant a young wine by pouring it in a decanter and letting it sit for about 20 minutes before serving it. You may observe that the wine tastes better after decanting. Both red and white wine can be placed in a decanter if you feel that it is necessary to do so.

Remember that wine damage is caused by unstable temperatures and humidity. These factors may cause your wines to lose their vibrant aroma. This is why maintaining proper wine storage conditions and decanting and aerating wine are essential in maximum enjoyment of wine. When you master these, you will surely impress guests during wine tasting parties in your wine cellar.

Hospitality Wine Storage and the Need for Commercial Wine Cellar Cooling Units

Hospitality Wine Storage

Hospitality Wine Storage

Wines thrive within constant and stable environments.  In order to achieve the best wine storage conditions, a wine cellar space should be equipped with the right type of wine cellar refrigeration system.  For a cooling unit to function efficiently, the wine storage room must be outfitted with proper insulation and vapor barriers.

Whether it is a private wine room, a commercial wine cellar in a restaurant, or any other hospitality wine storage setting, a wine cellar cooling system that will help provide the best possible environment for wines is required.  These units are specifically engineered to regulate the climate conditions inside a wine cellar space by keeping the temperature levels between 50 and 59 degrees Fahrenheit, and regulating the amount of humidity to 60 to 75 percent.

Wine cellar cooling units are manufactured in a range of configurations and cooling capacities that can accommodate various applications.  Choosing the proper climate control system will ensure that the right amount of cool air is supplied into a wine storage space.  The three different categories of wine cellar cooling systems are: self-contained cooling units, ductless-split climate control system, and ducted-air refrigeration systems.

Different Types of Wine Cooling Units for Hospitality Wine Storage

Different Types of Wine Cooling Units for Hospitality Wine Storage

Self-contained wine cellar cooling units are the most affordable and the easiest to install.  These are one piece units that are mounted on the interior wall and vent warm air through an adjacent room.  The adjoining room must be at least as big as the wine cellar space and should be well-ventilated.

Another alternative is a ductless-split commercial wine cellar cooling unit, which houses the evaporator and condenser into two separate units.  This setup allows for whisper-quiet operation, since the condensing unit, which is the noisiest part of the cooling system, is installed in a remote location.  The units are connected by a line set consisting of copper tubing and electrical wiring.

The Ducted-air refrigeration system for commercial wine cellar cooling is designed to supply cool air into and exhaust warm air from a wine room using ductwork.  Like ductless split systems, it consists of an evaporator unit and condensing unit.  Since both the evaporator and the condenser can be placed at a distance, the system facilitates noiseless operation and eliminates any physical presence of equipment inside the storage space.  This model also comes in a one piece unit, wherein the evaporator and condenser are housed together.

The following factors should be considered when picking out a wine cellar climate control system:  location and size of the wine room, the amount of insulation, the number of bottles, and the racking systems.  For instance, commercial wine displays or hospitality wine storage are designed to accommodate a large number of wine bottles.  Hence, they require refrigeration units with powerful cooling capacities.

Commercial wine cellar cooling units are purpose-built to service the cooling needs of high traffic areas, such as wine storage rooms in commercial wine displays areas, wine retail shops, restaurants, or hospitality sectors.  In hospitality wine storage, functionality and aesthetic quality are taken into consideration a great deal when choosing a climate control system.  There are units that can be mounted in the racking system and hidden from view using a louvered grill cover, while some cooling systems are designed to adhere to wine cellar spaces with unusual contours and architectural constraints.

Wine Cellar Refrigeration Systems – An Overview of US Cellar Systems Products

US Cellar Systems - A Leader in Wine Cellar Refrigeration Systems California

US Cellar Systems – A Leader in Wine Cellar Refrigeration Systems California

US Cellar Systems is an industry leader in the design and manufacture of wine cellar refrigeration systems California.  They provide a variety of installation options that can accommodate all applications.  Their series of cooling systems and refrigeration accessories are engineered to meet the different specifications and requirements of wine cellar builders and designers, as well as HVAC professionals.

Climate controlled systems manufactured by US Cellar Systems are developed with flexibility in mind, because their products can adjust to each unique characteristic of every custom residential or commercial wine cellars.  Their line of wine cellar refrigeration systems and components can provide multiple solutions for private wine cellars, commercial wine storage spaces, wine cabinets, and wine closets.

US Cellar Systems wine cellar refrigeration products include HS (High Static) Series, CC (Cabinet Cooler) Series, LPQ (Low Profile Quiet) Series, RM (Rack Mount) Series, VRM (Vertical Rack Mount) Series, DQ (Dual-air Quiet) Series, and WM (Wall Mount) Series.

Wine Cellar Refrigeration Systems California

Wine Cellar Refrigeration Systems California

The HS Series is designed to be installed some distance away from the wine cellar, thus reducing noise and vibration in the storage area.  This cooling unit can be mounted in different areas of a residential or commercial property, such as the attic, basement, or roof top.  This remote setup allows wine collectors to maximize their wine storage space.

The CC Series is specially built for wine cabinets and wine closets in which air flows through small and narrow spaces.  This cooling series circulates air up to 10 feet to the left and right of the evaporator coil.  This unit is designed for efficient and quiet operation in refrigerated wine cellars.

The LPQ Series is mounted on the ceiling and is ideal for wine cellars with arched ceilings.  Refrigerated air is supplied to the room from behind the coil system down a wall, and returned to the angled front of the unit to produce better air flow.

The RM Series is engineered for refrigerated wine cellars, located in medium to high temperature areas.  This unit is the easiest to install and the most flexible.  It can be mounted horizontally or installed within the racking system.  The RM Series consists of several access panels that provide versatility in air distribution.

The VRM Series is similar to the rack mount units in terms of features.  The only difference is that they are mounted vertically.  This wine cellar refrigeration systems California is an ideal solution for utilizing unused corners or areas in a wine storage space.

Refrigeration Units for Refrigerated Wine Cellars

Refrigeration Units for Refrigerated Wine Cellars

The DQ Series is specifically designed for wine cellars that have long and narrow layouts, and for wine rooms that are accessed regularly.  Return air is pulled in at the bottom and cool air is circulated into the room in two directions with medium to high velocity.

The WM Series is the unit of choice for refrigerated wine cellars with confined or restricted spaces, as well as those with constrained shapes.  As the name suggests, the Wall Mount Series is mounted on the wall and only protrudes about one inch into the storage room.

US Cellar Systems work alongside some of the best in the wine cellar industry, such as Coastal Custom Wine Cellars and Wine Cellar Specialists.  They are committed to providing the ideal solutions for creating the perfect, refrigerated wine cellar environment, as well as extending exceptional customer service to clients before, during, and after the installation process.

Wine Cellar Cooling & Wine Cellar Refrigeration Units – Installation Digital Controllers Wiring

Wine Cellar Cooling and Refrigeration Units – Installation Digital Controllers Wiring (A Processed Video Transcription)


Installation of Digital Controllers for Wine Cellar Refrigeration Units

Hello.  My name is Dan Philips, owner and technical adviser for US Cellar Systems.  Today we are going to be covering the installation of our DC Controller for wine cellar refrigeration units.

When you order a controller, items you’ll receive are the controller, the mounting clips and the temperature sensors.  Then if you want them, we have the option of a DCP mounting plate, which will allow you to mount it into a standard 20 or 23 cubic inch electrical box.

Digital Controller Wiring Installation - Wine Cellar Refrigeration Units

Digital Controller Wiring Installation – Wine Cellar Refrigeration Units


We also offer an optional 25′ wiring harness for your wine cellar cooling unit.  When installing the controller, you place it through the plate and then push your mounting clips onto the back of it.  That mounts the controller to your digital controller mounting plate.

Mounting the Wire - Wine Cellar Refrigeraion Units

Mounting the Wire – Wine Cellar Refrigeration Units

Then bring your wires in through the back of your electrical box wherever you have it mounted.  Be sure you follow code when you do this because this is a high voltage system and you’re wiring will most likely have to be run in conduit.

You’ll also want to bring your temperature sensor in through the back of it and be sure it does not come in at the same place as the high voltage electrical wiring because the magnetic field of the high voltage wiring can distort your readings on the low voltage wiring.  So when you’re making your connections at the back of the controller with the standard wiring harness, you’re going to have two black wires, a white wire, and a red wire.

You’re going to need a small screwdriver in order to work the screws on the back of the controller.  Your first black wire will go into the connection at number five on the back of the digital controller.

Your second black wire goes into number two on the back of the controller.  Your white wire goes into number four and the red wire will go in to number three.

Digital Controller - Wine Cellar Refrigeration Units

Digital Controller – Wine Cellar Refrigeration Units

Once those connections are made and tightened down, your wire for your temperature sensor will go in to number ten and number eleven.  The best location to put the sensor itself is as close to the return air as possible of your wine cellar cooling evaporator coil.

If the 5′ lead that it comes with is not long enough, you can extend this up to 50′ with 18 gauge thermostat wire.  Once all of your connections are made and the digital controller is slid into the box and the screws tightened down, that finishes the installation of the digital controller itself for wine cellar refrigeration units.  After that, we’ll be ready to go on to the wiring of the evaporator coil.  Thank you.

Wine Cellar Refrigeration Systems – What are the Wine Cooling Accessories Needed for Custom Wine Cellar Cooling?

Proper storage of wines requires a climate controlled environment that will help keep temperature and humidity at constant levels.  Wines mature to their full potential when stored under stable conditions.  The ideal temperature range is between 50 and 59 degrees Fahrenheit, while the appropriate humidity level is 60% to 75%.

Wine cellar refrigeration systems Orange County California are specifically designed to help maintain the right climate conditions necessary for storing and aging wines.  These units regulate the storage environment, to prevent sudden changes in temperature and humidity that could otherwise be detrimental to the overall quality of wines.

Self-contained through the wall cooling systems, ductless-split climate control systems, and ducted air handler refrigeration systems are the three primary types of custom wine cellar cooling units.  These units offer a range of installation options and cooling capacities, and come in different designs and features that can accommodate various applications.

For optimum functionality and versatility, most wine cellar refrigeration systems come with wine cooling accessories, such as a mini condensate pump, suction line accumulator, rough-in kit electrical install for DC-1 controller and evaporator coil, correct gauge electrical wiring harness, digital controller mounting plate, and outdoor protection system condenser enclosure.

Mini Condensate Pump Wine Cellar Refrigeration Systems Accessories

Mini Condensate Pump Wine Cellar Refrigeration Systems Accessories

The CP mini or mini condensate pump is designed to efficiently pump condensate waters.  Its compact feature allows for ease of installation and maintenance.  This wine cooling accessory generates little noise and does not take up space.

Suction Line Accumulator Wine Cooling Accessories

Suction Line Accumulator Wine Cooling Accessories

The suction line accumulator (or SLA) is a device that prevents the sudden flow of liquid refrigerant to the compressor.  Allowing excess refrigerant to get into the compressor can cause damage to the pistons or scrolls.  It can also lead to loss of oil in the condensing unit, which can then result in mechanical failure or damage.  The SLA comes in three sizes that can accommodate any connection sizes.

Electrical Rough-in  Kit Custom Wine Cellar Cooling Accessories

Electrical Rough-in Kit Custom Wine Cellar Cooling Accessories

The RIK or rough-in kit installer provides ease of installation of controller and control wiring.  This accessory is a required component for DC-1 controller and evaporator coil.  It is designed to help prevent re-opening of walls and construction delays.  The kit includes 2 2×4 boxes, 2 connectors, and a 25’ plastic flexible conduit.

Wiring Harness Trade Wine Cellar Refrigeration Systems Orange County California

Wiring Harness Trade Wine Cellar Refrigeration Systems Orange County California

wiring harness or wiring assembly is designed to transmit electrical power, that will help enhance the performance of custom wine cellar cooling systems, as well as minimize chances of interference.  The wiring has marked and reinforced tabs on both ends to provide easy setup of the system.

Digital Controller Installed In Plate Wine Cooling Accessories

Digital Controller Installed In Plate Wine Cooling Accessories

The DCP or digital controller plate houses the DC-1 controlling unit.  This installation accessory consists of a 2×4 box that can be mounted inside or outside the wine cellar.  It is designed to fit the controller, and can be painted to complement the interior of any living space.

Outdoor Enclosure Wine Cooling Accessories

Outdoor Enclosure Wine Cooling Accessories

The outdoor enclosure is a wine cooling accessory that provides a degree of outdoor protection to the condensing unit all year round.  This component is highly recommended for all system setup that require outdoor installations.

These installation components and wine cooling accessories are manufactured by US Cellar Systems, one of the leading names in designing and creating innovative wine cellar refrigeration systems Orange County California.

Wine Cellar Cooling – Wine Cabinets Cooling Systems Series Page

Wine Cellar Cooling Cabinet Cooling Series Page – Processed Video Transcription


Wine Cabinets Cooling Systems Series by US Cellar Systems

Wine Cabinets Cooling System Series from US Cellar Systems

CC Series Wine Cabinets Cooling System

This is Dan Phillips of US Cellar Wine Cabinets Cooling Systems.  Today we are going to talk about our CC Series Wine Cabinets Cooling Systems which was specifically designed for the single deep wine cabinets that extend the length of a wall for a wine cellar.

It is also an ideal unit for commercial type applications where you need a fast recovery time since this is the only unit we use that uses a standard thermal expansion valve which will give you the fast recovery unit necessary in a cabinet that gets high volume use.

By using multiple evaporator coils with this wine cabinets cooling system, we are capable of covering BTU loads from 18,000 BTUs all the way to 86,000 BTUs.  The ideal installation for this unit is to install it in the center of the cabinet.  It must be uptight against the ceiling and mounted against the back wall as the ceiling and back wall form the top and back of this particular evaporator coil.

Installed this way with racking coming up to within two inches at the bottom of the coil, it draws the air in the front and then it is capable of blowing air out up to 10 feet going both to the left and right, so you get excellent air circulation throughout the entire cabinet.

This unit, when properly installed in a properly constructed and insulated wine cellar, will work ideally for the single deep application.

Wine Cabinets Cooling Systems - CC Series Product Specifications

Wine Cabinets Cooling Systems – CC Series Product Specifications

As you can see, we offer four different vapor sizes and with these four different sizes each one with a different BTU capacity, we are capable, as stated before, of covering from 18,000 BTUs up to 86,000 BTUs by using two of the largest evaporator coils.

This allows you to cover larger areas or for those high capacity systems where you have a lot of glass and you need a larger amount of cooling for a small volume because of the low insulation quality of the glass.

For inquiries regarding our CC Series Wine Cabinets Cooling Systems, just contact US Cellar Systems. View the contact details here.

Self-Contained Cooling Systems and Split Cooling Systems – The Difference Between The Two

Self-Contained Cooling Systems and Split Cooling Systems:  The Difference Between The Two (A Processed Video Transcription)


Self-Contained and Split Wine Cellar Cooling Systems – What are the Differences?

Hello.  My name is Dan Philips, owner and technical adviser for US Cellar Systems.  Today we are going to be covering the differences between a self-contained cooling system and a split wine cellar cooling system.

All wine cellar cooling systems Dallas Texas contain the same basic components.  You have the compressor, the condenser, the metering device, and the evaporator coil.

In a self-contained wine cellar cooling system, all of these components will be housed in a single cabinet, which needs to be placed through the wall, like you would install a window air conditioner into a home.

Self-Contained Wine Cellar Cooling System Diagram

Self-Contained Wine Cellar Cooling System Diagram

In a split wine cellar cooling system, they will divide these into two major components. You will have the compressor and the condenser together in the part which is generally termed as the condensing unit, which can be placed outside some place where the noise and heat coming off of it is no problem.

Split Wine Cellar Cooling System Diagram

Split Wine Cellar Cooling System Diagram

The metering device and the evaporator coil which generally is placed somewhere inside the wine cellar where it can cool the air in the room.

To learn more about the functions and types of wine cellar cooling system Dallas Texas, click on these links:

New Custom Wine Cellars Santa Ana California Project

Coastal Custom Wine Cellar Cooling Systems from US Cellar Systems

Wine Cellar Specialists Wine Cellar Cooling Systems from US Cellar Systems


For inquiries, contact US Cellar Systems now! Click here.